Myanmar’s military government implements conscription law

Myanmar is facing turmoil as the government has announced compulsory military service for all young men and women. The move comes after a series of battles with ethnic militias and anti-coup fighters in recent months. From 18-35 years old, men will serve under military command for at least two years, while women aged 18-27 will also be required to serve. No further details have been released yet, but the junta said it would release necessary bylaws, procedures, announcements, orders, notifications, and instructions.

The country’s military has faced a series of humiliating defeats in recent months. In December 2020, three ethnic insurgent armies in Shan State captured border crossings and roads carrying most of the overland trade with China. Myanmar’s president, Myint Swe – a former general – has previously warned that the country is in danger of breaking apart if fighting cannot be brought under control. A law allowing conscription was introduced in Myanmar in 2010 but has not been enforced until now. Under this legislation, terms of service can be extended up to five years during a state of emergency. Those who ignore summons to serve can be jailed for the same period.

A state of emergency was announced by the country’s junta in 2021 and was recently extended for another six months. Myanmar had endured almost 50 years of rule under oppressive military regimes before moving towards democracy in 2011. On February 1st, 2021, the military announced that it had taken control of the country. Disorders and fighting have affected the country ever since then, resulting in more than one million people being displaced and thousands killed. The performance of the army in its recent battles with ethnic armed groups – some of which have ended in defeats and retreats – has sparked criticisms and doubts among its supporters.

In conclusion, Myanmar is facing significant challenges as it tries to maintain control over its territory amid ongoing conflicts with ethnic militias and anti-coup fighters

By Editor

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