Understanding Epilepsy following Omer Detz’s passing | Dr. Itai Gal

Epilepsy is a condition that affects about one percent of the world’s population. Although it can be genetic, other factors like head injuries, brain tumors, or drug and alcohol use can also cause it. The root cause of epileptic seizures is often unclear, leading to treatments that focus on preventing electrical disturbances and reducing the risk of repeated seizures.

Drug treatment is the most common approach to managing epilepsy. Around half of patients respond well to drug treatment and experience a full quality of life with minimal seizures. However, 30% require complex drug regimens for severe attacks. For some patients who are resistant to drug treatment, surgery may be an option to remove the epileptic focus in the brain.

Convulsions can sometimes be caused by temporary conditions like exposure to drugs or poisons, or abnormal blood levels of sodium or glucose. These convulsions usually do not recur once the underlying issue is resolved. However, conditions like head injuries, strokes, tumors, birth defects, and metabolic diseases can lead to recurring convulsions. While epilepsy may be a lifelong condition, modern drug treatments allow most patients to lead normal lives with some eventually needing less medication or even stopping treatment altogether.

EEG tests are typically used to diagnose epilepsy by recording brain waves over time and detecting changes that indicate epileptic activity requiring drug treatment. With advances in technology and medicine, patients with epilepsy now have more options for managing their condition than ever before.

By Samantha Johnson

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